“Basmati” is long grain aromatic rice grown for many centuries in the specific geographical area, at the Himalayan foot hills of Indian sub-continent, blessed with characteristics extra- long slender grains that elongate at least twice of their original size with a characteristics soft and fluffy texture upon cooking, delicious taste, superior aroma and distinct flavor, Basmati rice is unique among other aromatic long grain rice varieties.
Agro- climatic conditions of the specific geographical area as well as method of harvesting, processing and aging attribute these characteristic features to Basmati rice. Owning to its unique characteristics the “ scented Pearl” lends a touch of class that can transform even the most ordinary meal into a gourmet’s delight
|Areas of Cultivation:|
|The areas of Basmati Rice production in India are in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himanchal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, uttarakhand and western Uttar Pradesh.|
|India is the leading exporter of the Basmati Rice to the global market. The country has exported 40,00,471.56 MT of Basmati Rice to the world for the worth of Rs. 21,604.58 crores (or 3,230.24 US$ Mill.) during the year 2016-17.|
|Major Export Destinations (2016-17): Saudi Arabia, Iran, United Arab Emirates, Iraq and Kuwait.|
Basmati Rice in J&K
In Jammu and Kashmir, presently 5 varieties of basmati rice are being cultivated. These are basmati 370, Ranbir basmati, Sanwal, Hybrid PHB71 and Pusa 2511. Apart from these varieties ,basmati rice variety Pusa 1121 has also proved suitable to grow, especially in Kathua area. It is as per the latest technologies of this variety tested under Front line Demonstrations conducted by the scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kathua. However, basmati rice is mostly grown in Jammu district followed by that of Kathua and Samba districts.
According to rough estimate nearly 2.5 lakh families in R S Pura, Bishnah and Marh areas eke out their living by cultivating basmati rice which is famous all over India and its neighbouring countries for its farmers of these regions had been cultivating basmati on 42,000 ha producing about 2.5 lakh subtle aroma, long grain and delicious taste.
Ranbir Singh Pura, also called Rs. Pura, Jammu is considered the rice bowl of Jammu as it produces top quality basmati rice, which has a particular flavour and aroma. Ranbir Singh Pura has many rice mills for the processing of high-quality Basmati rice. Fame of Ranbir Singh Pora now a days is connected with its basmati rice, known for its quality and unique aroma.